Basic financial benchmarks,metrics, and growth


Production cost& control       

Gross Margin:

  • Gross Margin (traditional materials focused): 48%      
  • Gross Margin (technology solution focused): 70%                            
  • Gross Margin (before depreciation):
  • Depreciation/sales: 7%
  • Depreciation/ CAPEX:  1.5


  • Operating Margin (traditional materials focused): 1%
  • Operating Margin (technology solution focused): 15%
  • EBITDA / Sales (traditional materials focused): 10%
  • Free Cash Flow before working capital / Sales (traditional materials focused): -3%
  • EBITDA / Sales (technology solution focused): 17%

Marketing & general management expenses

  • SG&A/ Sales: 47%        
  • R&D / Sales: 3%

Financing &liquidity

  • Debt / Asset:  30%
  • Interest / EBITDA: 30%




  •                                                                       2015          2016         2017       2018 (annualized)
  • Growth in sales
  • (Traditional materials focused)         -5%           -7%            0%          -0.5%
  • (Technology solution focused)           2%            5%              4%           2%
  • Average Increase in SG&A:                  5%             9%             -6%
  • Increase in depreciation:                        
  • Average Increase in CAPEX:                 
  • AVG Increase in Operating Income: 52%          -49%          336%                                     
  • AVG Increase in cash inflow/share: 69%         109%          187%                 

More Detailed and Customized Work Offered

With our financial consulting and investment advisory service, we provide, based on our philosophy of relativity in microeconomy,  customized analysis of corporate operation and as well pricing, valuation or due-diligence covering PE,M&A, and distressed asset/debt. 

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Philosophy of Corporate Operation 

A philosophy behind our work is that, when selling the same products and services to the same type of customers, companies should always have opportunities to gain the same performance in terms of finance and operating. It should be relatively easier and less risky for a below-average company to improve its profitability by copying its peers’ winning strategies or management method with existing products and services than jumping into a segment where it has to face a market with new products and services. It is because copying a peer does not always need to invest considerable capital and resources and it does not need to face uncertainties in a new market as well. For most of times, it may only involve some of minor alternations of company’s management and operation such as an optimization of production or a reallocation of resource. It is certainly true that it is impossible for every company to improve its performance by taking our relatively analytical method without significant capital input. However, there is nothing to lose to make a pre-estimate for your company with our data.